Eleventh Circuit Holds District Court Lacks Jurisdiction to Determine Whether Putative Class Members Can Be Compelled to Arbitrate Claims

The Eleventh Circuit recently held that a district court lacked jurisdiction to determine, pre-certification, that a defendant’s waiver of its right to compel named plaintiffs to arbitrate their claims precluded it from asserting its arbitration rights against putative unnamed class members. The case involved five putative class actions against the defendant bank and its predecessor related to allegedly improper checking account overdraft fees. Plaintiffs’ customer ... Keep Reading »

Circuit Court Holds Comcast Does Not Foreclose Certification of Labor Law Class With Individualized Damages

In a class action brought under the Fair Labor Standard Act and New York Labor Law, the Second Circuit court of appeals reversed the district court’s denial of class certification and held that the Supreme Court’s 2013 decision in Comcast Corp. v. Behrend does not overrule the established principle that “the fact that damages may have to be ascertained on an individual basis is not sufficient to defeat class certification under Rule 23(b)(3).” Plaintiff alleged that ... Keep Reading »

Second Circuit Affirms Certification of Consumer Debt Collection Class, Distinguishing Comcast v. Behrend

These cases, on a consolidated appeal, involved three defendants: a company that purchased consumer debts, a debt collection law firm, and a process server. Plaintiffs had each been sued in various debt collection actions by defendants. Plaintiffs alleged that defendants obtained default judgments against them fraudulently by using a “default judgment mill,” whereby defendants would purchase the debt, issue summonses and complaints en masse, and automatically generate ... Keep Reading »

Sixth Circuit Rejects Rule 23(F) Petition: Comcast Not Necessarily Triggered By Antitrust Class’s Use Of A Single Damages Model For Multiple Theories Of Liability

In an antitrust class action lawsuit, multiple theories of liability often create separable anticompetitive effects that, when combined, can result in aggregated damages, but a plaintiff's model must measure damages attributable only to the liability theory (and resulting anticompetitive effects) accepted for class action treatment.  Thus, an antitrust lawsuit involving money damages cannot be certified to proceed as a class action unless the damages sought result from ... Keep Reading »

No Harm, No Standing: Texas Federal Court Dismisses Data Breach Class Action

Dismissing a class action based on a data breach, the Southern District of Texas added to the growing number of decisions that find an alleged risk of future identity theft due to a data breach is not an injury that creates standing to bring federal claims. The plaintiff, Beverly Peters, a former St. Joseph patient, brought a class action lawsuit against the medical provider after receiving notification that her personal information and protected health information had ... Keep Reading »

District Court Strikes Homeowners Policyholders’ Class Action Allegations

The United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio granted defendant State Auto's motion to strike plaintiffs' class allegations, holding that the complaint itself demonstrated that the proposed class was not ascertainable and could not satisfy Rule 23(a)'s commonality and typicality requirements, nor the predominance and superiority requirements of Rule 23(b).  The complaint alleged that State Auto committed fraud, breached the duty of good faith and ... Keep Reading »

District of Colorado Declines To Certify Deceptive Practices Class

The District of Colorado declined to certify a class in a case against Dollar Rent A Car where the Plaintiff alleged Dollar tricked renters into buying Loss Damage Waiver ("LDW"), supplemental liability insurance ("SLI"), and roadside assistance ("Roadsafe") (collectively "Add-On Products") that they had declined, or charged them without proper consent or contrary to disclosure requirements.  Plaintiff alleged Dollar violated the Colorado Consumer Protection Act and ... Keep Reading »

Dismissal With Prejudice Of Single Action In MDL Is Immediately Appealable, SCOTUS Holds

When a putative class action is transferred and consolidated with others for coordinated pretrial proceedings in multidistrict litigation (“MDL”) under 28 U.S.C. § 1407, it ordinarily remains an independent action for purposes of finality under 28 U.S.C. § 1291.  Thus, when a district court handling an MDL dismisses without leave to amend a single-count antitrust class action pending therein, the dismissal order brings that action to a close, and it is final and ... Keep Reading »

Northern District of California Adopts Flexible Approach To Analyzing Pre-Certification Standing Issues

The United States District Court for the Northern District of California partially granted and partially denied a motion to dismiss based on the standing of 18 named plaintiffs from 13 different states seeking class certification under the consumer protection and privacy laws of 48 states arising from plaintiffs’ purchases of numerous cell phone models. Plaintiffs sued the software developer of a cell phone network diagnostic tool and numerous mobile device ... Keep Reading »

Florida District Court Rejects Motion To Strike But Allows Pre-Certification Standing Challenge In Snack Food Labeling Case

Before class certification hearings occur in the Southern District of Florida, defendants may not challenge plaintiff's class allegations via Rule 12(f) motions to strike but may challenge plaintiff's standing via motions to dismiss. In Bohlke v. Shearer's Foods, LLC, plaintiff sought to represent a Florida class and alternative nationwide class of purchasers of five flavors of defendant's rice chips. Plaintiff alleged that defendant's "all natural" labels were false ... Keep Reading »